Course Description

Course Name

International Migration: Trends, Causes and Impacts

Session: VSVF1118

Status: Closed

Hours & Credits

45 Contact Hours

Prerequisites & Language Level

Overview

Course Objective: This course explores the theme of immigration, combining an anthropological perspective that causes and trends and links those trends with political decisions, policies and governments. By comparing the scenario in Europe and in the USA, students shall gain a general understanding of recent migration trends, causes, and the overall socio-cultural, political and economic impact of these movements. The responses of political bodies to this demographic evolution shall be studied along with the effects of emigration on the countries of origin.

Contents: UNIT 1 – INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION TODAY -
International migration throughout history: comparing the past and today.
- Countries of origin, migration routes and host societies: a transnational approach.
- Migration causes and types of movements.
- Main theories of international migration.

UNIT 2 – FLOWS AND COMPONENTS
- Main flows:
o Europe: from the South (Africa and Asia), East (Europe) and West (Latin America).
 USA: from the South (Latin America) and from the rest of the world.
- Statistical and demographic analysis (how many arrive, how and why, who are they, how many return).

UNIT 3 - POLICY FRAMEWORK
- Migration policies in Europe and Spain: historical approach
- Introduction to migration policies in the USA (students’ practical work).
- Integration policies: health, education, housing, labour market,
- Measuring integration: economic, social, cultural, political, religious

UNIT 4 - ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC IMPACT
- Global economic and demographic impacts:
o In countries of destiny
o In countries of origin
- Global socioeconomic impacts:
o Money and other remittances.
o When the young and the best leave… (from ‘brain drain’ to ‘brain gain’)

UNIT 5 - POLITICAL IMPACTS
- Political impacts:
o Migrants’ political participation: transnational perspective
o Pro- and anti-immigration politics: in Europe and the USA
- International migration and global governance

UNIT 6 – MANAGING CULTURAL AND ETHNIC DIVERSITY
- From assimilation and integration to ‘multicultural’ and ‘intercultural’ societies
- Migrants, ethnic groups and minorities
- Relations between ‘natives’ and ‘migrants’

UNIT 7 – WHAT NEXT?: THE INEVITABLE FUTURE?
- International migration is here to stay
- Emergence of complex mobility strategies
- The increasing multi-ethnic and multicultural societies
- A return to nationalist policies?

*Course content subject to change